This blog is a critical appraisal of a randomized control trial which examined the effect of a preoperative exercise intervention on knee pain, functional ability, and quadriceps strength among patients with knee osteoarthritis before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery.
Pain is a recurrent undesirable side effect in orthodontic treatment. This blog by Izabel Oliveira introduces pharmacological and non-pharmacological alternatives for orthodontic pain management.
In this blog, Kamal Pandit discusses the findings of three recent Cochrane reviews which assessed the effectiveness of treatments for Coronary heart disease (CHD). He adds personal experience to provide context to treatment of a condition which is the single leading cause of death globally (WHO 2014).
This blog follows on from Ammar’s previous post on meta-analysis, and provides further details on the history, value and implementation of this approach.
In this blog, two physical therapy students describe the occurrence of sexual dysfunction that can occur as a result of pelvic pain, and then argue for physical therapy (PT) to be the first line of treatment for this issue.
This blog discusses the issue of statistical significance (whether a difference, such as an improvement in symptoms, is unlikely to have occurred by chance) vs. clinical significance (whether a difference, such as an improvement in symptoms, is meaningful and patient to patients).
This blog discusses the problem of confirmation bias: our tendency to favour answers that confirm ideas and beliefs that we already have. It also discusses two possible solutions to this problem: 1) referring to systematic reviews, which take account of ALL the available evidence and 2) actively seeking out information which may challenge our preconceptions.
In 2016, the World Health Organization published a new handbook on the classification of tumours of the brain and spinal cord. This blog takes a look at some of the changes in the way we classify tumours, given advancements in molecular testing.
This blog takes a critical look at a study investigating whether more intense therapy following a neurological event (e.g. a stroke or traumatic brain injury) can lead to a reduction in length of stay in a rehabilitation unit.
This blog provides a basic overview of: 1) what a meta-analysis is; 2) why they’re considered the ‘gold standard’ of evidence; and 3) how a meta-analysis is carried out.
In the fourth blog of our new series, Understanding Evidence, the Cochrane UK Trainees introduce their group and invite you to get involved. Join in the conversation on Twitter @CochraneUK #CochraneTrainees #understandingevidence.
In the second blog of our new series Understanding Evidence, Iain Chalmers, the founding director of Cochrane UK, looks at developments in research on prenatal corticosteroids since the work which gave rise to the Cochrane logo. Join in the conversation on Twitter @iainchalmersTTi @CochraneUK #understandingevidence
This blog explains what allocation concealment is & why it’s important, in terms of preventing researchers from (intentionally or otherwise) influencing which participants are assigned to a given intervention group.
In this blog, 15 year old Liv, who hopes to be a dental health professional, writes about new Cochrane evidence on whether fluoride mouthrinses can prevent tooth decay in children.